Isolating Agreement Deutsch

Unlike his successors, Bismarck considered a war on two fronts to be potentially fatal for Germany; Its main foreign policy objectives were friendship with Russia and the isolation of France. In 1881, when the French tried to negotiate a Russian alliance, he convinced Austria and Russia to join a federation of three emperors. [7] Even after the dissolution of the League in 1887, Bismarck replaced it with the reinsurance contract, a secret agreement with Russia to respect “benevolent neutrality” in the event of France`s attack on Germany or Austria-Hungary against Russia. [8] A policy or doctrine aimed at isolating the country from the affairs of other nations by refusing to enter into alliances, foreign economic commitments, international agreements and, in general, by attempting to make its economy totally independent; The country`s diplomatic and economic efforts end the entire effort to remain in a state of peace, avoiding entanglements and foreign responsibilities. [2] Changes made in July 2017 to the Information Act prohibiting online messaging applications in the “information dissemination organizers” register were made available to unidentified users. The law requires these companies to identify all users using their mobile phone numbers. A government decree adopted in 2018 also requires foreign instant messaging providers to sign an agreement with Russian mobile operators within 20 minutes of the service operator`s request, requiring them to confirm a user`s identity by their phone number. Messaging services cannot allow users who are unable to identify mobile operators to remain registered with the service. According to Alexander Zharov, former head of Roskomnadzor, the identity verification requirement applies to both registered users and new users. However, the law does not provide that providers of instant messaging services registered as legal entities in Russia are required to confirm the identity of the user through mobile operators and specifies that these operators may use telephone numbers for this purpose. The law provided for a decree to introduce verification rules for Russian messengers. Such a decree was not adopted.

According to the law, Roskomnadzor can block mobile applications that do not comply with the ban on working with anonymous accounts. It may also initiate cases within the meaning of Article 13.39 of the Russian Administrative Law against providers of instant messaging services who do not comply with the law on user identification. The offence is punishable by a fine of up to one million rubles ($13,600). Roskomnadzor has not yet initiated an application procedure against messaging services that do not comply with the identification rules. It is not clear that in the two years since the regulations came into force, foreign courier services contacted co-operators to verify identity. Many courier service providers, both Russian and foreign, ask for users` phone numbers for identification. But some users were able to sign up on e-mail messages with SIM cards they purchased informally, not to mention the passport and other credentials they should have made available to the official mobile operator. Experts say that, among other things, the lack of clarity of the law makes technology companies difficult to do.