Basic Principles Agreement Detente

A series of meetings began in November 1969 and lasted until May 1972, when an agreement was reached between Richard Nixon (United States) and Leonid Brezhnev (Soviet Union) on the limitation of strategic ballistic missiles. One of the main stumbling blocks to reaching an agreement was how to limit weapons and what types of weapons should be included in the agreements. The different structure of the weapons on each side made the comparison more difficult. Nixon`s visit to China in February 1972 seemed to put pressure on the Soviet Union to reach an agreement and sign the treaty. With the Basic Agreement in Principle and Strategic Limitation Speeches (SALT), it was an attempt to establish „rules” for the superpower during the Cold War. The bilateral agreement, which has multilateral implications, describes the general behaviour of both countries and towards third world countries. The contracting parties agreed that, in a situation that threatened to escalate into a direct nuclear confrontation, either directly or through the taking of substitutes in the Third World, urgent consultation should be made. Another objective of this agreement is to maintain open relations between the United States, the Soviet Union and its allies. The agreement was delivered by U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger during his visit to Moscow in 1972.

Kissinger called the initial project a „dangerous, Soviet maneuver that pushes us to give up the use of nuclear weapons, on which the defence of the free world depended… Faced with Soviet superiority over conventional weapons, such an approach would demoralize our allies and deeply worry China, which would see this as a sign of the much-feared collusion between the United States and the Soviet Union… It was strong stuff. We have been asked to dismantle NATO`s military strategy, while proclaiming a virtual U.S. military alliance that aims to impose our will on China or any other country with nuclear ambitions. [2] The United States and the Soviet Union agree on the principle that an agreement must be reached to limit the fear and threat of nuclear war. On December 17, 2014, U.S. President Barack Obama and Cuban President Raul Castro announced the start of the resumption of diplomatic relations between Cuba and the United States. In recent months, the recovery agreement has been negotiated in secret, supported by Pope Francis and, to a large extent, by the Canadian government, which at that time had warmer relations with Cuba.

The meetings were held in Canada and Vatican City. The agreement would see the lifting of some U.S. travel restrictions, the reduction of restrictions on remittances, U.S. banks` access to the Cuban financial system, and the reopening of the U.S. Embassy in Havana and the Cuban Embassy in Washington, both of which were concluded in 1961 following the breakdown of diplomatic relations following Cuba`s alliance with the Soviet Union.

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